Many poems have been written in the human history. Long, short, narrative etc all types of poems were welcomed by people around. In this blog we will discuss about the long Italian narrative poem – “The Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri. This poem is considered as the greatest works in world literature. Through this poem, the Tuscan language was established as the standardized Italian language. The main idea behind the poem is how people learn to attain salvation. To get notes, narrative description, academic assignment help on the poem, feel free to contact BookMyEssay.

About the poet

Dante Alighieri ( 1265 to 1321 AD), was an Italian poet, philosopher and writer. His Divine Comedy is considered as the greatest literary works of Italian Language. It is considered as the most important poem of Middle Ages. Dante was known for using vernacular language in his work when most of the writers used Latin, which could be read by educated people only. His use of Tuscan dialect in The New Life and Divine Comedy, established modern day Italian language. Dante played a large part in putting up the literature of Italy. His portrayal of Hell, Purgatory and Heaven were inspiration for Western Art. He is known as “father” of the Italian language. In Itlay he is often called as “the Supreme Poet”.

Structure of the Poem

The poem – Divine Comedy, has 14,233 lines, divided into three cantiche. They are Inferno(Hell), Purgatorio(Purgatory) Paradiso(Paradise). Each of these cantica had 33 cantos. The introductory canto considered to be the first cantica brought the sum of cantos to 100. The first two cantos are the prologue to entire epic. The verse scheme used in the poem is lines of eleven syllables. The rhyming scheme is aba, bcb, cdc, ded……. The total number of syllables in each trecet is 33.

The structure of three realms follows the same pattern that is 9 plus 1 making a total of 10. Explained as 9 circles of the Inferno, followed by Lucifer contained at its bottom; 9 rings of Mount Purgatory, with Garden of Eden sitting at its crown; and the 9 celestial bodies of Paradiso, then Empyrean which contains the very essence of God. You can always take help of academic writing services to get more information on this poem.

The last word of all the three cantiche is “stelle” (Stars).

Main Idea of the Poem

The poem gives out the idea of how people can attain salvation. Its gives a figarative narration of how sinners suffer without any hope for redemption. The poet gives a vivid description of the sins committed by people. This is not to scare the people but to ask them to avoid the sins. Everyone is punished for its sins. Dante symbollically uses hell as the final destination for all those who commit sin. For example, The hands of the thrives were cut, and their bodies were interviewed with snakes.

Dante’s explanation of heaven is a whole new picture that describes celestial spheres including Moon, Mercury, Mars, Venus, Sun, Jupiter, Saturn. Dante stereotypes the imagination and perception of the readers by using the explanation of cosmos. He uses symbolism to explain God’s glory by use of celestial rose. This rose is a circle of light which denotes salvation.

Conclusion

The poem – Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is a wonder with the main idea is how to attain salvation. Dante uses many styles and symbols to explain heaven and hell in the poem. He also explains the various sins that people commit and how to avoid them. He gives a vivid picture and let’s the reader decide which side he wants to take.

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