When we look back to the countries who have succeeded in freeing themselves from the clutches of colonial powers the struggle for freedom in India through non-violent and peaceful approach is surely a unique example. It is a memorable example of people from different caste, creed, communities, races, and communities coming together to fight for their freedom. What is remarkable about that movement is the long stories of sacrifices, unending patience, and unity among the different groups of people. The story of Indian freedom begins from the “Sepoy Mutiny” in 1857. It started with the rebellion by the soldiers of the East India Company in order to protect their beliefs that cartridges of the bullets used by them contain beef and the pork, causing revulsion among the soldiers. The news of this incident spread like a fire and soon reach the northeast part of India. The other section of society also joined this war against the British. Freedom fighters like Nana Sahib Peshwa, Kunwar Singh, Rani Laxmi Bai, Begum Hazrat and many more come forward and made the freedom the motive of their lives.

The war of 1857 end the rule of East India Company. After this, the British crown took over the control of the country until the freedom. Students writing a history essay must be aware of the above facts.

The next important event in the calendar of Indian history is the partition of Bengal in July 1905. The viceroy of India Lord Curzon ordered to separate Hindu and Muslims by ordering Muslims to stay in the Bengal. This partition between the Hindu and the Muslims was the part of “divide and rule” policy. The Bengal was reunited in 1911 after Hindus and Muslims formed separate organizations.

Another important milestone of the Indian freedom is the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. On the 13 April 1919, people gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh to protest non-violently against the arrest of two leaders Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew. The gathering was outside the city, therefore, people were unaware of the imposition of martial law. However, General Reginald Dyer ordered troops to fire on the crowd killing thousands of people. This incident left the whole nation in shock and grief.

The tragic accident did not stop there, the Bengal Famine in 1943 killed more than five million lives. This disparity left the urge in people’s mind to come forward and free the country from the clutches of British rule.

The father of the nation “Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi” started the non-cooperation movement to protest against the British rule. Protestors refused to buy the British goods instead they move toward local handmade goods to support the local economy. The Gandhi spends almost two years in the prison. He then worked behind the Indian national congress (INC) to ease the tension between Hindu and Muslims. Later in March 1930, the Gandhi wrote a letter to the Viceroy Lord Irwin informing about his will to commit civil disobedience in next 10 days. On 12 March 2018 set out 78 peoples to take a long journey from Sabarmati to Dandi, Gujrat where he made the salt and sole it breaking the salt tax of British Government.

The campaign did not bring the independence but inspired many to join the fight for freedom. When India finally achieved its freedom on 15 August 1947. Many Indians looked back at Salt Satyagraha as the turning point.

Today, when students write a history essay assignment on India they come across the struggle, sacrifices, pain and suffering all went through to achieve this day.