Educational Levels and Referencing Styles

Educational Levels and Referencing Styles
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Educational Levels and Referencing Styles

Assignment writing remains the talk for student’s life since there are varied versions that every student has to deal with and imbibe perfection onto. Among hundreds of different referencing styles, it is important that the selection stands wise and befitting in citing the sources derived from the research material. With every academic discipline, writing priorities tend to change and what remain important are the rules set by different publishing houses regarding the ways the sources gets cited.

As a basic compilation of reference style along with respective disciples are mentioned below:

  • Arts – Harvard, Chicago, MLA, APA
  • Creative Arts and Industries- APA*, Chicago*, Harvard, MLA
  • Engineering – APA*, Harvard, Chicago*, IEEE
  • Business and Economics – APA
  • Education – APA
  • Medical and Health Sciences – APA

Apart from the selection of styles, let’s discuss what each style has to offer that make them so suitable for one style of writing over the other:

  • APA – Commonly known as “American Psychological Association“, this standard is set by the association carrying the same name. Previously, it was used in psychological journals, but later it became quite popular and started getting widely used in social sciences, education, business, and other disciplines.
  • MLA – This is the next form of referencing that is set by and has gained its name from “Modern Language Association of America“. This referencing style is commonly used in English and Humanities disciplines.
  • Chicago – Alternately referred to as Chicago/Turabian or Turabian, it is derived from “Chicago Manual of Style“. It is mostly used in the simplified version. It is treated as a manual that is used for writing Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. This style of referencing is widely adapted for social sciences disciplines all-encompassing political studies, history, and theology.
  • Vancouver – It was originally set by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and was famous for meeting “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts and was submitted to Biomedical Journals“. This type of referencing is mainly used in the medical sciences.
  • Harvard – Derived from “The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation” which got published by Harvard Law Review Association, this referencing style is used in variations that are seen in natural sciences, law, medicine, social and behavioral sciences.
  • Bibliography: Bibliography is a type of referencing that is present in an alphabetical order and is commonly placed at last page of the content. It carries important details such as: author’s name, year of publication, book title in italics or underline, place of publication and name of the publisher.
  • Footnotes: This type of referencing style is widely used as numbers and is listed under the citation in the text body. This also includes details of the citations that are usually given at the end of the relevant page.
  • AGLC Expanded as AGLC (Australian Guide to Legal Citation), this is yet another popular footnoting style which includes Short Title of the Act if used in the legal context.
  • MHRA: This type of referencing style involves mentioning of a footnote number when one takes references from some other sources of work and offers a detailed bibliographic details in the footnote.
  • Oxford: In this type of referencing style, footnote citation as well as reference list are categorized under basic components which hints that Oxford referencing style is being used.
  • OSCOLA: Expanded as Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities, this type of referencing style is aimed at offering accuracy in citation of legislation, authorities, and other legal materials. It also involves mentioning the citations in party in italics, when mentioned in the law report series followed by the page number.
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