Digestion in Ruminants and Non-Ruminants Assignment Help
Definition and Overview of Digestion System in Ruminants and Non-Ruminants
This branch of biological is studied by students to comprehend and understand the digestive systems of animals. To understand the basics difference between Ruminants and Non-Ruminants is that the former category has stomach divided into four compartments (known as rumen, omasum, reticulum, and abomasum), and consume cud that comprise of regurgitated, partially digested food. Some of animals forming a part of this category include deer, cattle, sheep, giraffes, antelopes, goats, and camels. Also, their stomach facilitates digestive functions including regurgitation, re-salivation, remastication, and re-swallowing.
On the other hand, non-ruminants feature a relatively simpler stomach structure that has single compartment to facilitate normal digestion process. In this system, the ingested food gets digested following a simpler and single process. In a nutshell, both the categories are differentiated basis the structure of the stomach. Dogs are classic examples of non-ruminants.
Students who have enrolled in biology as a major coursework get Digestion in Ruminants and Non-Ruminants assignments that deal around study the difference as well as similarities between these two categories of animals. On a common platform, both the animals contain a complete digestive tract and consume solid food.
Understanding the Process of Digestion in Ruminants
Ruminant animals are also categorized as herbivorous and have a much more complex digestive structure as compared to non-ruminants. Collecting information on how their digestive systems work involve understanding the entire process in detail as per the steps proceeding. Their digestion process displays some of the core main properties that are discussed below in detail:
- Regurgitation – It is the first stage and is also remarked as the process that involves exclusion of the contents in the stomach. Some of the content of the consumed food gets digested and some of the portion gets chewed. The process initiates with reticulum contraction facilitating the stomach contents with undigested food to pass to the esophagus. The same gets transported to mouth by reverse peristalsis and gets re-swallowed after a sometime.
- Re mastication – In this stage, contents released into the mouth from regurgitation process get re-masticated to end entire chewing process. It accomplishes the mechanical digestion process occurring in the mouth.
- Re salivation – Once the chewing process end, the saliva is secreted to chemically digest the re-masticated content which then forms the food bolus.
- Re swallowing – The bolus formed during re salivation gets re-swallowed to push the food content for complete digestion.
Some Digestive Facts About Non-ruminants and Ruminants
This category of animals showcase highest relative use of dietary energy with their diet containing “low amount of NDF” but is higher in fat. These animals consume (even human beings – graded under this category) have a supportive digestion process for readily degradable carbohydrate such as starch. Non-ruminants lack the digest high amounts of fiber and for humans such diets have been recommended to keep a check on obesity.
On the other hand, ruminants make highest use of dietary energy with their diet being rich “NDF”. These animals need high fiber in their diets to be able to extract energy. With NDF diet, ruminants feel less effectual than non-ruminants as they suffer loss of energy. These animals also have some popular digestive adaptations that comprise of cud chewing, pre-gastric feed fermentation in the rumen, production of saliva in large amount which is rich in bicarbonate and phosphate buffers that offer a hospitable environment for microbial growth in the rumen
As extraction source for amino acids, non-ruminants intake true protein portion of the diet whereas ruminants rely on ruminally-produced for consuming their bacterial protein.
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